Committee on the Rights of the Child: Latvia

Session 071 (2016)

(29 January 2016, CRC/C/LVA/CO/3-5 Advance Unedited Version, Concluding observations on third-fifth report, paras. 36 and 37)

“The Committee welcomes the amendments to the different laws aimed at protecting children from violence through increased sanctions towards perpetrators as well as the programmatic measures to prevent violence. The Committee notes the educational and awareness-raising programmes by the State party to reduce violence against children, including the use of corporal punishment. The Committee is however concerned about the:

a) lack of a comprehensive information system on violence against children, including cases reported, investigations, prosecutions and sanctions applied;

b) lack of detailed information regarding the response to known cases of violence, namely the 1768 cases reported to the helpline in 2014.

c) the limited role assumed by medical staff in identifying and reporting cases of violence against children.

“The Committee, taking note of the Sustainable Development Goal 16.2 to, inter alia, end all forms of violence against of children, recommends that the State party:

a) establish an integrated information system for the comprehensive analysis of violence against children, monitor the efficiency of targeted measures and develop an evidence-based policy to prevent and address violence against children;

b) promptly investigate all reported cases of violence against children, and prosecute and sanction perpetrators;

c) establish a clear procedure for medical staff to record and report cases of violence against children.”

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Session 042 (2006)

(28 June 2006, CRC/C/LVA/CO/2, Concluding observations on second report, paras. 30 and 31)

"The Committee welcomes the explicit prohibition of corporal punishment in the Law on the Protection of the Rights of the Child, but remains concerned that corporal punishment and other degrading practices continue to be practised within schools and in other institutions. The Committee is also concerned that while regional inspectors are mandated to investigate cases of corporal punishment, the sanctions they impose may not always be adequate, and that it is difficult to suspend or dismiss the offenders.

"The Committee reiterates its previous recommendation to ban from practice corporal punishment and other degrading practices in all settings, and to encourage the State party to strengthen measures to promote alternative forms of discipline in schools and other institutions for children, inter alia, by strengthening sanctions and bringing offenders to justice, including through the suspension of offenders from schools and institutions."

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Session 026 (2001)

(21 February 2001, CRC/C/15/Add.142, Concluding observations on initial report, paras. 27 and 28)

"While noting that the Law on the Protection of the Rights of the Child of 1998 explicitly prohibits corporal punishment, the Committee expresses its concern at the still widespread use of corporal punishment, in particular within the family and in school and other institutions.

"In light of articles 19 and 28(2) of the Convention, the Committee encourages the State party to develop measures to raise awareness on the harmful effects of corporal punishment and to promote alternative forms of discipline in families to be administered in a manner consistent with the child’s dignity and in conformity with the Convention. It also recommends the effective enforcement of the ban on corporal punishment in school and other institutions."

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