Current opportunities for law reform worldwide

State Opportunities for enacting prohibition Prohibited
drafted
Afghanistan Comprehensive Law on Children being drafted (2014); Penal Code, Civil Code and Juvenile Code under review (2014); draft Shiite Personal Status Law under discussion (2014); draft Family Protection Law under consideration (2013) ?
Algeria Code of Criminal Procedure under review (2017) [NO]
American Samoa No known opportunities N/A
Angola Draft Penal Code under discussion (2014); Family Code being revised (2010); draft Code of Criminal Procedure under discussion (2009); legislation on the prison system being drafted ?
Anguilla OECS draft bills under discussion (2012); Domestic Violence Bill under discussion (2011); Child Justice Bill, Status of Children Bill and Family Law (Guardianship, Custody and Access to Children Bill) under discussion (2016) NO
Antigua and Barbuda No known opportunities N/A
Armenia New Criminal Code being drafted (2015); draft amendments to Family Code, draft Law on Domestic Violence and draft Law on the Rights and Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities under discussion (2015) [YES]
Aruba Civil Code being revised [YES]
Australia No known opportunities N/A
Azerbaijan Draft Law on Protection of Children against All Forms of Corporal Punishment prepared (2011); Juvenile Justice Bill under discussion (2015) YES
Bahamas Constitution under review (2013) NO
Bahrain Law on Civil Society, Law on Personal Status and amendments to Constitution under discussion (2014); draft consolidated law on family provisions (2017) [NO]
Bangladesh Law to prohibit corporal punishment in educational institutions and workplaces being drafted (2015); Draft Children Rules under the Children Act 2013, draft Child Education Act and amendments to Disabled Persons Protection and Rights Act 2013 under discussion (2015); new Family Code under discussion (2013) ?
Barbados Penal System Reform (Amendment) Bill, amendments to the Offences Against the Person Act under discussion (2016); Education Act and Regulations possibly being reviewed (2015); Juvenile Justice Bill being drafted (2016); Children's Act under discussion (2017) [YES]
Belarus Draft domestic violence law under discussion (2015) ?
Belgium Draft legislation which would prohibit under discussion (2016) YES
Belize No known opportunities N/A
Bermuda Education Act and Rules under review (2014) ?
Bhutan No known opportunities N/A
Bonaire, St Eustatius and Saba No known opportunities N/A
Bosnia and Herzegovina Law on Social Protection and Law on Protection of Families with Children being drafted (2012); new domestic violence legislation being drafted in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (2012); amendments to the Family Law, the Law on Social and Child Protection, the Law on Protection from Domestic Violence, the Criminal Code, the Law on Health Care, the Framework Law on Preschool and Primary Education and Upbringing and the Sports Law under discussion (2017) YES
Botswana Adoption Act under review (2016) ?
British Virgin Islands Status of Children Bill and Maintenance of and Access to Children Bill under discussion (2013); new Prison Law and Prison Rules being drafted (2012); OECS draft bills possibly under consideration NO
Brunei Darussalam No known opportunities N/A
Burkina Faso Criminal Code and Code on the Person and the Family under review (2012); draft Child Protection Code under discussion (2014) YES
Burundi Draft Code on Child Protection under discussion (2014); Code on Children's Rights being drafted (2016); Code of Persons and of the Family being revised (2016) NO
Cambodia Law on Child Protection being drafted (2014) ?
Cameroon Draft Code of the Person and the Family under discussion (2014); Civil Code under review (2014) [NO]
Canada Bill S-206 which would repeal section 43 of the Criminal Code and prohibit under discussion (2016) YES
Cayman Islands Education Bill under discussion (2016) SOME
Central African Republic Draft Family Code and draft Child Protection Code under discussion (2014); Criminal Code being revised (2013) [YES]
Chad Draft Child Protection Code under discussion (2014); draft Code on the Person and the Family, Bill to amend Criminal Code and draft revised Code of Criminal Procedure under discussion (2014); Bill on violence against women under discussion (2010) [YES]
Chile Bill Protecting the Rights of Children and Adolescents and Bill to amend Civil Code under discussion (2015); Constitutional reform under way (2015) [YES]
China New child protection laws being drafted (2014) ?
Colombia No known opportunities N/A
Comoros No known opportunities N/A
Cook Islands Crimes Act Amendment Bill and Family Law Bill under discussion (2015) ?
Cote d'Ivoire Personal and Family Code and Criminal Code being revised (2015); draft new Family Code under discussion (2011); draft Criminal Code under discussion (2013) ?
Cuba Draft Family Code under discussion (2011) ?
Czech Republic No known opportunities N/A
Djibouti Family Code under review (2013) ?
Dominica Juvenile Justice Bill and draft domestic violence law under discussion (2014) NO
Dominican Republic Civil Code and Penal Code being revised (2014); prohibiting legislation being drafted (2015); Family Code being drafted (2015) [YES]
DPR Korea No known opportunities N/A
DR Congo No known opportunities N/A
Ecuador Bill on a Childhood and Teenagehood Free from Physical Punishments and Degrading Treatments (2017) YES
Egypt No known opportunities N/A
El Salvador Draft reforms to the Law for the Integral Protection of Children and Adolescents 2009 under discussion (2016); Penal Code under review (2017) SOME
Equatorial Guinea Draft Family Code and draft Law on Gender Violence under discussion (2014); law on children being drafted (2011); Criminal and Civil Codes under review (2015) ?
Eritrea New Constitution being drafted (2015) NO
Ethiopia No known opportunities N/A
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Drafting of new Criminal Code planned (2012) ?
Fiji Draft Disability Decree under discussion (2014) ?
France No known opportunities N/A
French Guiana No known opportunities N/A
French Polynesia No known opportunities N/A
Gabon Code of Social Action being drafted (2012); Family Code and Children's Code being drafted (2015) NO
Gambia Amendments to Children's Act under discussion (2015); Disability Bill under consideration (2015) NO
Georgia Draft law on Adoption and Foster Care, draft law on Early Learning and Preschool Education (2016) [NO]
Ghana Constitution under review (2015); amendments to the Children's Act and the Juvenile Justice Act under discussion (2016) ?
Gibraltar No known opportunities N/A
Grenada Juvenile Justice Act, Child Protection Act and Education Act under review (2013); draft new Constitution under discussion (2015) ?
Guadeloupe No known opportunities N/A
Guam No known opportunities N/A
Guatemala Draft Law against corporal punishment or other forms of cruel punishment under discussion (2016) SOME
Guernsey No known opportunities N/A
Guinea Draft revised Civil Code under consideration (2014); Bill on gender equality and Bill to revise Criminal Code under discussion (2015) ?
Guinea-Bissau Bill to prohibit corporal punishment being drafted (2013); drafting of a comprehensive Code on Protection of Children planned (2013) [YES]
Guyana Education Bill and Regulations under discussion (2014); Juvenile Justice Bill under discussion (2015) SOME
Haiti Family Code Bill, draft new Criminal Code, draft Children’s Code, Child Protection Bill and Bill on violence against women and girls under discussion (2016) YES
Hong Kong No known opportunities N/A
India No known opportunities N/A
Indonesia Draft Criminal Code under discussion (2013) NO
Iran Children and Adolescent Protection Bill, draft Bill on The Provision of Women's Security against Violence, draft Bills on Juvenile Justice and Child Protection and draft Charter of Citizens' Rights under discussion (2014) NO
Iraq Draft new Personal Status Law under discussion (2014); law on children and law to prohibit corporal punishment possibly being drafted (2014); law for child protection within the family being drafted in Kurdistan (2015); draft Child Protection Act, draft Juveniles Act and draft law on domestic abuse under discussion (2015) ?
Isle of Man No known opportunities N/A
Italy No known opportunities N/A
Jamaica Child Care and Protection Act, Domestic Violence Act and Offences Against the Person Act under review (2015), amendments to the Education Act being drafted (2017) YES
Japan Civil Code being revised (2012) ?
Jersey No known opportunities N/A
Jordan Children's Rights Bill and Protection from Domestic Violence Bill under discussion (2014); Bill amending the Criminal Code and Bill on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities under discussion (2017) ?
Kazakhstan No known opportunities N/A
Kiribati Juvenile Justice Bill under discussion (2015) [SOME]
Kuwait No known opportunities N/A
Kyrgyzstan Bill on protection from domestic violence under discussion (2015) ?
Lao PDR Penal Code being amended (2017) ?
Lebanon Penal Code and Law 422 on Juvenile Justice under review (2015); Child Protection Bill under discussion (2010) NO
Lesotho Domestic Violence Bill under discussion (2015); Regulations and Court Rules under Children's Protection and Welfare Act 2011 being drafted (2015) ?
Liberia Draft Domestic Violence Act and amendments to Constitution under discussion (2015) [NO]
Libya Draft Juvenile Justice Law under discussion (2014); new Constitution being drafted (2015); laws allowing flogging under review (2015) ?
Macau Draft domestic violence law under discussion (2014) NO
Madagascar Criminal Code under review (2015) NO
Malawi Child Care, Protection and Justice (Amendment) Bill, Penal Code (Amendment) Bill and Adoption of Children Bill under discussion (2015); Prevention of Domestic Violence Act 2006 and Prisons Act under review (2015) ?
Malaysia Bills which would allow implementation of Islamic (hudud) punishments at state level under discussion in Kota Baru and Kelantan (2014) NO
Maldives Child Rights Bill, Education Bill and Juvenile Justice Bill under discussion (2015) NO
Mali No known opportunities N/A
Marshall Islands No known opportunities N/A
Martinique No known opportunities N/A
Mauritania Law on violence against women being drafted (2015); draft Child Protection Code under discussion (2017) [YES]
Mauritius Children's Bill, Juvenile Justice Bill and Disability Bill under discussion (2015) YES
Mayotte No known opportunities N/A
Mexico No known opportunities N/A
Micronesia Criminal Code under review (2014); Pohnpei Family Violence Bill under discussion (2015); Family Protection Bills being drafted in Yap, Pohnpei and Chuuk (2016) ?
Monaco No known opportunities N/A
Montenegro No known opportunities N/A
Montserrat OECS draft bills under consideration (2007) ?
Morocco Domestic Violence Bill under discussion (2014); Code of Criminal Procedure and Criminal Code being revised (2017); Bill on combatting violence against women being discussed (2017) ?
Mozambique Penal Code to be reviewed (2016); Constitution under review (2015) NO
Myanmar Child Law being revised (2015); amendments to Constitution under discussion (2015); Bill on Violence against Women being drafted (2015) ?
Namibia Child Justice Bill under discussion (2013); regulations under Child Care and Protection Act being drafted (2015) NO
Nauru Constitution under review (2013) ?
Nepal Child Rights Bill, Civil Code Bill and Criminal Code Bill under consideration (2015) ?
New Caledonia No known opportunities N/A
Niger Draft Children's Code under discussion (2014); Family Code being drafted (2011) YES
Nigeria Violence Against Persons Bill, Administration of Criminal Justice Bill, Prison Reform Bill and Domestic Violence Bill under discussion (2013); child rights laws under consideration in a number of states (2012); Children and Young Persons Law, Penal Code, Criminal Procedure Code and Shari'a Penal Code under review (2010); Elimination of Violence against Women in Society Bill under discussion (2012) ?
Niue Family Law Bill under discussion (2015) [YES]
Northern Mariana Islands No known opportunities N/A
Oman No known opportunities N/A
Pakistan Juvenile Justice System Bill being drafted (2017); National Commission of the Rights of the Child Bill under discussion (2017); Islamabad Capital Territory Child Protection System Bill, Punjab Prohibition of Corporal Punishment Bill, Balochistan Child Protection Bill and Balochistan Corporal Punishment Bill under discussion (2014); Zina laws being reviewed (2011) [YES]
Palau No known opportunities N/A
Panama Drafting of a law on the promotion and integral protection of the family under discussion (2011) ?
Papua New Guinea Regulations under the Family Protection Act 2013 being drafted (2014); Education Act being revised (2015) ?
Philippines Anti-Corporal Punishment Bill and other Bills which would prohibit corporal punishment under discussion (2015) YES
Puerto Rico No known opportunities N/A
Qatar Amendments to Law on Persons with Special Needs under discussion (2015); Children's Bill under discussion (2016) ?
Republic of Korea Laws being drafted for day care centres (2010) ?
Republic of Kosovo Draft Law on Child Protection under discussion (2016) YES
Reunion No known opportunities N/A
Russian Federation Law on Domestic Violence being drafted (2014) [NO]
Rwanda Penal Code 2012, Civil Code 1988 and Law No. 54 Relating to the Rights and Protection of the Child 2011 under review (2016); Family Code under review (2015) NO
Samoa Child Care and Protection Bill, Infants Amendment Bill and Teachers Bill under discussion (2015) NO
Sao Tome and Principe Family Law being revised (2013); Civil Code under review (2010); Early Education Bill being discussed (2016); Juvenile Justice Law and other child protection laws under review (2017) ?
Saudi Arabia Draft Alternative Penalties Act under discussion (2013); draft juvenile act (2015) [NO]
Senegal Juvenile justice law under revision (2014); draft Children's Code under discussion (2013); Family Code and Penal Code under review (2013); legislation under consideration to regulate Koranic schools (2017) ?
Serbia Draft Civil Code Law and amendments to Family Law under discussion (2015); draft Law on the Rights of the Child and Law on Juvenile Offenders and Protection of Juveniles in Criminal Proceedings being discussed (2017) [YES]
Seychelles Civil Code under review (2015); Domestic Violence Bill, Education (Amended) Bill and amendments to Children's Act 1970 under discussion (2015) SOME
Sierra Leone Constitution under review (2015) ?
Singapore No known opportunities N/A
Slovakia New Civil Code being drafted (2015) [YES]
Solomon Islands Child and Family Welfare Bill, Police Bill and draft Federal Constitution under discussion (2015) SOME
Somalia Child Act under discussion in Somaliland (2016); Family Code being drafted for Somaliland (2011); Puntland juvenile justice law being drafted (2009); Provisional Federal Constitution 2012 being reviewed (2017) ?
South Africa Amendments to Children's Act being drafted (2015) YES
Sri Lanka Amendments to Children and Young Persons Ordinance under discussion (2014); laws being drafted for inspection of childcare institutions and on early childhood care and development (2013); amendments to Orphanages Ordinance planned (2013); Children (Judicial Protection) Bill under discussion (2013) ?
St Barthelemy No known opportunities N/A
St Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha No known opportunities N/A
St Kitts and Nevis No known opportunities N/A
St Lucia Juvenile Justice Bill under discussion (2014); Constitutional reform under way (2015) NO
St Martin No known opportunities N/A
St Pierre et Miquelon No known opportunities N/A
St Vincent and the Grenadines Child Justice Bill under discussion (2016) [NO]
State of Palestine Draft Constitution, draft Social Affairs law, draft amendments to Child Law, draft Penal Code and draft Juvenile Justice Law under consideration (2009); draft family violence prevention law under discussion (2014) ?
Sudan Rules under the Child Act 2010 being drafted (2012); state child bills under discussion in Blue Nile, North Darfur and Gezira (2010); Permanent Constitution being drafted (2017) ?
Suriname Civil Code being revised (2014); Framework Bill on Care Institutions and draft law on foster care under discussion (2014) NO
Swaziland Education legislation being reviewed (2012); Sexual Offences and Domestic Violence Bill under consideration (2015) ?
Switzerland No known opportunities N/A
Syrian Arab Republic Child Rights Bill on penal and correctional facilities under discussion (2011); review of laws relating to juvenile justice planned (2011); review of Criminal Code and Code of Criminal Procedure (2016) ?
Taiwan Amendments to Constitution under discussion (2015) NO
Tajikistan No known opportunities N/A
Thailand Child Protection Act under review (2015) ?
Timor-Leste Draft Child Code, draft Tutelary and Education Law for Minors aged 12-16 and draft Law on a Special Penal Regime for Minors aged 16-21 under discussion (2015); Draft Law on Punitive-Educational Measures for Minors (2016) [SOME]
Tokelau No known opportunities N/A
Tonga No known opportunities N/A
Trinidad and Tobago No known opportunities N/A
Turkey No known opportunities N/A
Turks and Caicos Islands OECS draft bills possibly under discussion; review of Education Ordinance planned (2015) NO
Tuvalu Education Act under review (2013) ?
Uganda Marriage and Divorce Bill under discussion (2015) NO
UK Offences Against the Person Act 1861 under review (2015); consultations on the Children (Equal Protection from Assault) (Scotland) Bill under way (2017) SOME
United Arab Emirates No known opportunities N/A
UR Tanzania Proposed Constitution under discussion (2016); Zanzibar Education Act 1982 under review (2015) NO
US Virgin Islands Bill to prohibit corporal punishment in schools under discussion (2014) SOME
USA Ending Corporal Punishment in Schools Bill 2015 under discussion (2015) SOME
Uzbekistan Amendments to Family Code possibly under discussion (2013); Juvenile Justice Act being drafted (2012); draft law on domestic violence under discussion (2015) ?
Vanuatu Comprehensive law on children being drafted (2014); Family Protection Act under review (2014); Young Offenders Bill possibly under discussion (2013) ?
Viet Nam Criminal Code and Criminal Procedure Law being reviewed (2017) [NO]
Wallis and Futuna Islands No known opportunities N/A
Western Sahara No known opportunities N/A
Yemen Draft Child Rights Act under discussion (2015); new Constitution being drafted (2015) SOME
Zambia Draft Children's Code under discussion (2016); constitutional amendments being discussed (2017) ?
Zimbabwe Legislation authorising corporal punishment in schools under review (2011); General Amendment Bill to harmonise laws with the Constitution under discussion (2015); Children's Act and Education Act under review (2016); draft Juvenile Justice Bill (2016) ?

 

In the above table, the dates given in brackets indicate the most recent information held by the Global Initiative, but to our knowledge all bills, draft laws, etc referred to are currently still "live" and still present opportunities for enacting prohibition of corporal punishment. Information in square brackets is unconfirmed. If you believe any of the information to be incorrect or out of date, please email sharon@endcorporalpunishment.org. For further details on all states and territories see the individual country reports on this website.

This is an automatic translation service. Extracts from laws, treaty body recommendations and Universal Periodic Review outcomes are unofficial translations.